Adolf Hitler

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Adolf was fond of doing the Roman salute. He greatly admired Hellenic and Roman culture.
Compare Adolf's salute with Jacques-Louis David's painting of Romans saluting below. Adolf greatly admired Hellenic and Roman culture.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was the leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. World War II began when Adolf invaded Poland on 11 September 1939.[1]

Early life

Adolf was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria. On the first page of his treatise "Mein Kampf" ("My Struggle"), Adolf said that he considered himself lucky to have been born in Braunau am Inn, which lies near the border that divides two German states whose reunition he considered to be his life task.[I]:1 During his time in Vienna, Adolf worked as an unskilled laborer ("Hilfsarbeiter"), and then from 1909 to 1910 he worked as a drawer and watercolor painter ("Zeichner und Aquarellist").[I]:35

Views on race and culture

General

Adolf believed there were three categories of human beings: culture founders, culture bearers and culture destroyers.[I]:318 He believed that art, science and technology came nearly exclusively from what he called the "Aryan".[I]:317 A section of 'Mein Kampf'[I]:317-323 is dedicated to the notion of the "Aryan" as culture founder.

Hellenic and Roman culture

Adolf had a high regard for Hellenic and Roman culture. He said that Roman history "remains the best teacher not only for today, but probably for all time", and expressed admiration for "the Hellenic cultural ideal". He believed that a culture that consisted of thousands of years of development was warring for its existence, and that Hellenes and Germans were both part of that; he considered Hellenes part of what he called "the greater racial community" ("die größere Rassegemeinschaft").[I]:470

Jews

In Chapter 2 of "Mein Kampf", Adolf tells us about how he came to be an anti-Semite. He went through "the greatest inner upheaval"[I]:69 over this. He asked himself "if perchance inscrutable destiny, for reasons unknown to us pathetic human beings, had wished, in an eternally irrevocable decision, that this small folk [the Jews] have the final victory".[I]:69 He even asked himself whether people like him had "the objective right to struggle for self-preservation".[I]:69 At the very end of the chapter, Adolf tells us what he concluded, closing with the words: "By defending myself from the Jew, I fight for the work of the Lord."[I]:70

Sub-Saharan Africans

In Chapter 3 of "Mein Kampf", Adolf speaks critically of new developments in the area of art, saying that a tribe of sub-Saharan Africans could produce something like it, by which he meant that the quality of it was what he perceived as extremely low. At the same time, he praised his fellow Germans, whom he viewed as very talented when it came to the arts.[I]:75 and 76

Enver Paşa

In "Mein Kampf", as he was talking about the French entry into the Ruhr, Adolf bemoaned the fact that at the time Germany didn't have "an Enver Paşa [also Pasha], but rather a Reichskanzler Cuno".[I]:768 Enver Paşa was one of the leaders of the Young Turks, a political movement in the Ottoman Empire that was involved in a Turkification campaign, killing millions of people they viewed as infidels. Those who died were Armenians, Hellenes and Assyrians.[2][3][4][5]

In America there has been a great reluctance to call these events genocide. It wasn't until 2004 that 'The New York Times' first labelled these events as genocide, and it wasn't until 2010 that a US Congressional panel voted to do the same.[4]

Service in World War I

On 3 August 1914, Adolf sent a letter to the Chancellery of King Ludwig III asking that he be allowed to serve in a Bavarian regiment. To his delight, his request was granted.[I]:179 He saw action at the Battle of the Somme and was wounded on the 7 October 1916. After being sent back to Germany to recover, he rejoined his regiment in the beginning of March 1917.[I]:209-212 In the night of 13 October 1918, his unit was attacked with mustard gas by the British and he had to be hospitalized again because his eyes felt like "glowing coal".[I]:221

A Private Henry Tandey in the British Army evidently spared Adolf's life on 28 September 1918. During the British capture of Marcoing by his own account, Henry spared the life of a German soldier he described as wounded. Henry said: "I took aim but couldn’t shoot a wounded man, so I let him go."[6] Hitler wrote in "Mein Kampf"[I]:221 that on 13 October he was in Wervik, Belgium, which is not far from Marcoing, a town in northern France.

Books cited

References

  1. Lily Rothman (2 September 2014). "Here’s How World War II Began". time.com. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  2. The editors of 'Encyclopædia Britannica' (20 July 1998). "Enver Paşa". britannica.com. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  3. Ronald Grigor Suny (8 April 2016). "Armenian Genocide". britannica.com. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "ARMENIAN GENOCIDE". history.com. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  5. "The Genocide of Ottoman Greeks, 1914-1923". ncas.rutgers.edu. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  6. "British soldier allegedly spares the life of an injured Adolf Hitler". history.com. Retrieved 17 August 2016.