Dr Angela Dorothea Merkel (born Kasner on 17 July 1954), also known as Mutti (Mommy) or Angie, has been the Kanzlerin of Germany (also referred to as Bundeskanzlerin) since November 2005 and chairperson of the Christlich Demokratische Union (CDU) since April 2000. Angela usually uses her middle name Dorothea 'only with her maiden name'. Merkel is the name of Angela's first husband.
Angela is a quarter Polish. Ludwig Kaźmierczak, her grandfather, was a Poznanian Pole who live in the German Reich and moved to Berlin after World War I, during which he had fought against the Germans. He married a Berlinerin, who bore his son Horst. Ludwig and Horst converted from Catholicism to Protestantism. At some point in time, the name Kaźmierczak was Germanised to Kasner. Horst married Angela's mother Herlind, a Hamburgerin who taught English and Latin. Horst has been described as 'a pastor in the Protestant Church in Germany' and an 'official in the Lutheran Church'.  Angela herself is also Lutheran. The family moved from West Germany to East Germany shortly after Angela's birth, the same year 200,000 or so East Germans moved to West Germany. Because Horst chose to do this, his ecclesiastical counterparts in West Germany gave him the nickname 'the red minister'. According to 'The New Yorker', Horst was 'a member of the state-controlled Federation of Evangelical Pastors'. According to 'rebel East German pastor' Joachim Gauck, who became the President of Germany in 2012, Horst was shunned by people in the Lutheran Church in East Germany.
Angela attempts to market herself as a 'standard-bearer of Western values'. Her signature hand gesture is the 'Merkel-Raute' ('Merkel Diamond') that she makes putting her two hands together, with each finger touching the corresponding finger of the other hand, and placing them in front of her stomach area. Angela's motto is 'Wir schaffen das', which translates to 'We do it'. The members of Angela's party are referred to as Christdemokraten (Christian Democrats). Because of discontent with her open-door refugee policy, it has been said that she is losing popularity. More than 1 million refugees entered Germany in 2015 under her administration.
Announces plans to run for Kanzlerin again
On 20 November 2016, Angela announced that she would be seeking a fourth term as Kanzlerin in 2017.
Secret refugee talks with Ahmet Davutoğlu come to light
In early 2017, it came to light that in 2016, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte in secret talks promised the then-Prime Minister of Turkey, Ahmet Davutoğlu, that the EU would take in between 150,000 and 250,000 Syrian refugees from Turkey per year. They made this promise "without informing other EU leaders".
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- 'Flüchtlingsdeal sorgt für Empörung: Merkels geheimes Versprechen an die Türkei'. de.nachrichten.yahoo.com. 13 March 2017. Abgerufen am 13 March 2017.
- "Report: Merkel and Rutte made concrete promises with Turkey over refugee quota". dw.com. 13 March 2017. Abgerufen am 13 March 2017.