Marxism is an ideology that has its origins in the teachings of its namesake Karl Marx and his associate Friedrich Engels, the coauthor of Karl's "Manifesto of the Communist Party". As spelled out in the "Manifesto of the Communist Party", Karl and Friedrich advocated for the the abolition of private property. Karl and Friedrich viewed capital as "a societal product" that could "only through the collective activity of all members of society be put in motion".[I]:Kapitel II
Class warfare and revolution
Karl and Friedrich advocated for class warfare where they envisioned the proletariat overthrowing the bourgeoisie.[I]:Kapitel II At the end of the "Manifesto of the Communist Party", Karl and Friedrich called for a revolution as a means to achieving that end goal of theirs, closing with the words: "Proletarians of all lands, unite!"[I]:Kapitel IV Note that this class warfare and revolution can be carried out by peaceful means. The Communist Party USA, for example, advocates for a democratic, "peaceful transition to socialism".
The "Manifesto of the Communist Party" declares that "the cost of production of a workman is restricted, almost entirely, to the means of subsistence that he requires for his maintenance and for the propagation of his race".[II]:20
- [I] ^ I II III Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels (1848). "Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei". spiegel.de. Dietz Verlag. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- [II] ^ Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels (1848). "Manifesto of the Communist Party". archive.org. Authorized English translation. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr and Company. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- David T. McLellan, Henri Chambre (14 March 2016). "Marxism". britannica.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Oscar J. Hammen (1 March 2011). "Friedrich Engels". britannica.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Does CPUSA advocate the violent overthrow of the American government?". cpusa.org. Retrieved 22 March 2017.